I fell in love with backyard permaculture design and gardening years ago.
Ever since I’ve been slowly learning backyard permaculture design from great permaculture books and applying all the design principles that I can. Today I’m going to discuss what permaculture is with some examples of permaculture design. I’ll also show you our homestead permaculture set up + future permaculture design goals.
What is backyard permaculture design?
A simple explanation of permaculture is to build up your garden, soil and backyard homestead so that it is self-sustaining with little to no energy input from external resources but that’s low maintenance too. This of course takes time, but the goal is to create a backyard that works together using patterns often seen in nature and replicating them to the backyard.
Permaculture patterns and designs are inspired by the natural life cycles we see in the wild, which flows in circles and is never uniform.
- Observe your land, microclimate, local natural life cycle systems to replicate a similar pattern for your backyard. Polyculture garden beds for example.
- Catch & store energy that’s needed such as water (mulching beds and building a swale).
- Reduce input costs as much as possible such as soil amendments by creating your own.
- Let animals and natural rhythms do a lot of the work for you.
Permaculture Design= Creating Zones
Illustration of Zones from Toby Hemenway
Some Permaculture Examples
Permaculture example #1
Instead of relying on buying chicken feed, you create and design a backyard system that benefits feeding your chickens instead of just ‘keeping them’. You’ll create different areas for them to eat from, let areas rest so it can re-grow, grow mealworms or grass sprouts for them to it. You’ll put your chickens to work and let them do the composting for you. Your chickens get to free-range and control pests, eat up decomposing fruit from fruit trees. You let the chicken coop bedding and manure to rest and decompose which you’ll fertilize your garden with which helps your plants to grow and builds up your soil. You also get happy chicken eggs! If you have the space you’ll grow some grain for your chickens for the winter months.
Permaculture example #2
With permaculture gardening, you’re designing a garden that builds up your soil over time, attracts pollinators or reduces pests. Maybe you have an area outside your garden where you grow comfrey that you cut down twice a season and make fertilizer tea (instead of buying it) or use it to build up the soil. You cant keep chickens so you practice vermicomposting and composting
Our Backyard Permaculture Design
Right now we’re building up our backyard into permaculture design zones and I’ll be sharing with you how we build it over time (it will take years!). Right now we’ve been creating short term and long term homestead projects for our backyard. Although we live on 2.5 acres, our set up is in a fenced area about 1/4 of an acre because we have herds of elk that come through and need further fencing.
Some of the backyard permaculture gardening and design we’ve done so far:
- Building a permaculture herb spiral.
- Creating rotational permaculture chicken runs around our garden to reduce feeding costs and pests.
- Helping the wild pollinators and increasing biodiversity in our backyard.
- Let the chickens free-range safely under our fruit trees, and planted future trees like the Japanese umbrella pine to create a chicken food forest zone.
- Purchased organic or heirloom seeds from the best seed companies.
- Practiced companion planting in our vegetable with herbs and flowers.
- Getting the chickens and worms do the composting for us for the easy composting way.
- Planted a medicinal herb garden which attracts many bees, and planted butterfly and bee wildflower blends around our garden.
- Built permaculture polyculture garden beds.
Permaculture Design Books
There are many fantastic permaculture design books out there. A few of my favs are in the above photo however there are more than I wish to get like the food forest ones.