A grapevine trellis was something I knew I wanted as soon as we moved onto this mountain valley acreage
You might be surprised to find out that you can grow grapes in cooler climates, not just Europe or California. We live in Canada, zone 5, and you can grow both table or wine grapes. You just need to select the right grape varieties for your grapevine.
Even here in Canada, we have a wine valley in the Okanagan that produces outstanding wine
Vineyards are planted in long rows for easy harvesting, the home gardener has a few trellis options
Grapes in vineyards are trellised using wire and support posts. The backyard home gardener rarely has space for this sort of design, and can trellis their grapes upwards or grow 1 row of grapes. We’re using a different trellis for our grapes.
A backyard grape vine trellis needs to be strong and withstand the weight
Most grapevines can become huge and take over large areas. I’ve seen a few backyard grapevines that took over a pergola or over an entire house because they were never pruned. Over time, grapevines can become too large if not pruned back. The trellis needs to be strong, fencing works great for that, or any climbing feature like a pergola. You’ll need to learn how to prune your grapevines after a few years. Wine Folly shows you different vining training methods.
KSU Viticulture has this very in-depth post on how to build and train grapevines the same way you would on a vineyard
We’re using our 8 foot elk fence line to trellis for our grapevines
Because our open acreage is lacking privacy, we chose to plant 4 grapevines against our elk fence line for support. I chose 4 different varieties, for table grapes, wine and jelly. Three of them are planted on the north side of our permaculture food forest, the other to block off the view from the road into our backyard garden.
We will need to manage and prune over time, but a large fence line is great for trellising grapes
I also planted lavender around the base because we have rodents.
We have so many meadow voles and apparently the scent of lavender deters the rodents from chewing them in the winter. Time will tell if that works!