Early summer is the best time to sow many of your garden crops, you’re in the clear of those spring frosts & the soil has warmed up.
While you’re excited to get those tomatoes, zucchini and beans in the ground, early to late summer is also the perfect time to get your crops sown for a fall harvest. Some fall harvest crops grow quickly and don’t need to be sown until closer to the end of summer once the weather begins to cool. Many however take 80-100 days and need to be planted early to mid-summer for a fall harvest.
I’ve made notes including certain varieties in brackets throughout this list.
Most of these crops can handle light frosts (and even taste better!). The varieties that have a * indicate better cold tolerance.
Crops to sow early summer that take 90-120 days
- Winter Cabbage (January King*, Kalibos, Danish Ballhead, Deadon*)
- Carrots (some varieties take 90 days like Autumn King*, may take less)
- Leeks (some varieties take less)
- Brussel Sprouts
- Winter Squash & Pumpkins (learn how to harvest & cure)
Crops that take 60-80 days before harvesting
- Beets (Cylindra, Golden, Winterkeeper Lutz*)
- Turnips (Milan, Purple Top*, Navet)
- Cauliflower (Purple Cape*, Galleon*, most varieties don’t tolerate frosts).
- Fall Cabbage
- Carrots (Napoli*)
- Winter radishes* (Green Luobo, Black Spanish, Watermelon, China Rose, Daikon)
- Kohl Rabi
- Swiss Chard
Crops that grow fast & are sown towards the end of summer
(that take 30-50 days)
- Fall radishes
- Meslcun greens
- Lettuce (Winter Density*)
- Pac Choi
While most people focus their garden efforts for summer harvesting extending the season into the fall and even the winter months is a great way to increase the yields from your garden.
Learn more about fall & winter gardening
- Grow 365 Days a Year
- How to Plant your Fall & Winter Garden
- Crops that can Handle Frosts and Snow
- Growing food year-round in a greenhouse